Some of these Glass ceramics, formed typically from lithium aluminosilicate glass, are extremely resistant to thermal shock and have found several applications where this property is important, including cooker hobs, cooking ware, windows for gas or coal fires, mirror substrates for astronomical telescopes and missile nose cones.
An essential feature of glass is that it does not contain crystals. However, by deliberately stimulating crystal growth in glass it is possible to produce a type of glass with a controlled amount of crystallisation that can combine many of the best features of ceramics and glass.
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Many glass making terms have entered the language: 'Coddswallop': Hiram Codd invented the marble stoppered 'pop' bottle in the 1870s, and millions of the bottles were made, particularly in South Yorkshire. 'Wallop' was the name given to the cheap beer of the day, and beer drinkers dubbed the contents of the codd bottle 'a load of coddswallop'.